BMT Overview






Overview

What Is a Blood and Bone Marrow Transplant?
Blood and bone marrow transplantation is a special therapy for patients with certain cancers or other marrow diseases. A blood and bone marrow transplant involves taking cells that are normally found in the bone marrow, processing those cells, and giving them back either to the patient or to another person. The goal of blood and bone marrow transplantation is to transfuse healthy bone marrow cells into a person after their own unhealthy bone marrow has been eliminated.

Blood and bone marrow transplantation has been used successfully to treat diseases such as leukemias, lymphomas, aplastic anemia, immune deficiency disorders, and some solid tumor cancers since 1968.
What is bone marrow?
Bone marrow is a semi-solid tissue found inside bones. It is the primary site of new blood cell production. All types of blood cells including red blood cells, platelets and all kinds of white blood cells, are created by blood stem cells in bone marrow. The bone marrow is not only a hematopoietic tissue, but also an important immune tissue. In order to perform a blood and marrow transplant, blood stem cells need to be collected.
Why is a blood and bone marrow transplant needed?
The goal of blood and bone marrow transplantation is to cure many hematological diseases. Including hematological cancer, bone marrow failure (such as aplastic anemia), some immunodeficiency diseases and so on. The risks and benefits of blood and bone marrow transplantation must be weighed in a thorough discussion with your doctor and specialists in blood and bone marrow transplantation prior to procedure.

Please go to Bone Marrow Transplantation for more information.






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